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BY : CHAITANYA MODGILL

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Rajasthan Forts and Palaces

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Amer Fort

 

Located in the village of Amer, about 11 kilometres from Jaipur, the fort was built in 1592 AD.

Fortified by hills and a succession of gates, the fort was a perfect capital for the Kuchwaha Rajputs from the 11th to the 18th centuries. The fort contains a dramatic Hall of Public Audience opposite a beautifully painted Ganesh pole. Ganesh, the elephant-headed son of Siva and Parvati, is commonly propitiated before beginning any new venture. Visit the gardens and the marble rooms, which are cooled by water pouring through fine perforations in the centre of the wall. This low-tech air conditioning was highly effective and easy to use. As you move between the rooms of this magnificent structure feel the history and visualise the pomp and grandeur of a kingdom never conquered.

CHAITANYA

Chittorgarh Fort

 

The largest fort in India, also famously known as the ‘Great Wall of India’, it was constructed in 7th century AD.

In year 1567 the Mughal Emperor Akbar invaded and took siege of the place and the fort, but finally abandoned it in 1568.

At a height of 590 ft and spanning across the area of 691 acres, Chittorgarh was the formal capital of Mewar when Maharaja Udai Singh was the ruler.

The fort houses various temples dedicate to the various Hindu deities, and is signifies the rich Rajasthani culture.

Gagron Fort

 

The foundation of the fort was laid in the 7th century AD and completed in 14 century AD by king Bijaldev. The Gagron fort has witnessed many battles and is reminiscent of the heroic Valor and martyrdom of Rajputs of the Khichi Chauhan Clan who stood valiantly against the Mandu ruler Hosheng Shah.

The fort is situated 12 kilometres from the city of Jhalawar, and right outside the fort lays the Dargah of the Sufi Saint, Mittheshah, where a splendid fair is held every year during the month of Muharram.

Inside the fort is a temple dedicated to the Hindu deities Shiva, Ganesha and Durga.

Jaisalmer Fort

 

Built in 1156 AD, by the Bhati Rajpur king Rao Jaisal, is situated on the Trikuta Hill in Jaisalmer.

The defences of the fort contain 99 bastions, and the major attractions of the fort include, The Raj Mahal, Jain Temples, Lakshminath Temple and four massive gateways. At one point of time, the entire population of the city lived inside the fort.

Most of the havelis have been turned into museums but a few are still housed by the descendants of the merchants that built them in the first place.

The fort is considered to be the most breath taking monuments in human history.

Mehrangarh Fort

 

'Mehrangarh', meaning the Majestic Fort is one of the largest forts in India. Located at the centre of the city of Jodhpur the fort spreads over 3 miles. The magnificent fort was originally started by Rao Jodha in 1459.

 

Most of the fort which stands today dates from the period of Jaswant Singh (1638-78). The fort houses some of the most intricately adorned palaces with exquisitely carved panels, latticed windows and brilliant stained glass. There are three gates, (originally seven) each built to commemorate a particular victory.  Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace), Phool Mahal (Flower Palace), Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace), Sileh Khana and Daulat Khana are some of the important palaces and apartments. The fort museum, in a series of palaces has a collection of palanquins, howdahs, royal cradles, miniatures, musical instruments, costumes and furniture. The canons, placed strategically on the ramparts are well preserved and impressive.

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Rajasthan Forts and Palaces
Rajasthan Forts and Palaces
Rajasthan Forts and Palaces
Rajasthan Forts and Palaces
Rajasthan Forts and Palaces
Rajasthan Forts and Palaces